Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels. One of the most concerning complications of diabetes is its impact on kidney health. According to the International Diabetes Federation, diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. Understanding the connection between diabetes and the kidneys is crucial for effective management and prevention of associated complications.
Diabetes, broadly categorized into type 1 and type 2, significantly affects kidney function. Research has shown that high blood sugar levels, a hallmark of diabetes, play a central role in damaging the delicate blood vessels in the kidneys. Over time, this damage can lead to a condition called diabetic kidney disease (DKD) or diabetic nephropathy.
Symptoms of diabetic kidney disease may not manifest until the kidneys are significantly damaged. Common indicators of kidney damage include increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and swelling in the hands and feet. Detecting proteinuria (excess protein in urine) and hematuria (blood in urine) are also significant signs of diabetic kidney disease.
Early diagnosis and timely treatment are crucial in managing diabetic kidney disease. Various diagnostic tests, including urine and blood tests, are used to assess kidney function and identify any damage. Treatment approaches for diabetic kidney disease involve a combination of medication, lifestyle modifications, and close monitoring of blood sugar and blood pressure levels.
Prevention and management of diabetic kidney disease are essential for individuals with diabetes. Controlling blood sugar levels through medication, diet, and regular exercise is vital in slowing down kidney damage. managing blood pressure, adopting a healthy lifestyle, and following a kidney-friendly diet can help preserve kidney function.
Individuals with diabetic kidney disease require ongoing monitoring and care. Regular check-ups with healthcare professionals, adherence to prescribed medications, and lifestyle adjustments are essential in managing the disease’s progression and reducing complications.
Advancements in research are continually being made in the field of diabetic kidney disease. Developing an understanding of the latest discoveries and treatment options is crucial in improving outcomes for individuals living with diabetes and their kidney health.
By comprehending the intricate connection between diabetes and the kidneys, individuals can take proactive measures to prevent, manage, and effectively care for diabetic kidney disease, thereby improving overall health and quality of life.
What is Diabetes and its Impact on Kidneys?
Diabetes doesn’t discriminate when it comes to its impact on the body, and the kidneys are no exception. In this section, we’ll dive into the intricate connection between diabetes and kidney health. Unraveling the various types of diabetes and their implications, we’ll explore just how deeply intertwined these two aspects of our well-being truly are. Get ready to gain valuable insights into the renal repercussions of diabetes and the vital role understanding this relationship plays in managing both conditions effectively.
Understanding Diabetes and its Types
Diabetes is a chronic condition that profoundly affects the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels. It is vital to grasp the various types of diabetes, as each type has its own unique characteristics and impacts on the body. This understanding is crucial for effectively managing the condition.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the cells in the pancreas responsible for producing insulin. Consequently, there is a deficiency in insulin production, necessitating daily injections or pumps to regulate blood sugar levels.
In contrast, Type 2 diabetes is frequently linked to lifestyle factors such as obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. In this type of diabetes, the body becomes resistant to insulin’s effects or fails to generate sufficient insulin to meet its requirements. Diet, exercise, and oral medications are often effective in managing Type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy and typically resolves after childbirth. However, women with a history of gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.
Comprehending the diverse types of diabetes is essential in devising treatment plans tailored to each individual and effectively managing the condition. This knowledge empowers healthcare professionals to provide personalized care and support, facilitating better blood sugar control and overall well-being for individuals with diabetes.
A deep historical connection to diabetes can be traced back to ancient Egypt, where references to the symptoms of diabetes were discovered. The Ebers Papyrus, dating back to 1500 BCE, is one of the earliest documented records, describing a condition characterized by sweet-tasting urine. However, it wasn’t until the 20th century that the differentiation between various forms of diabetes was established, thanks to the groundbreaking discovery of insulin by Frederick Banting and Charles Best. Their remarkable breakthrough revolutionized diabetes treatment and paved the way for further research and understanding of this condition.
Diabetes and kidneys: a relationship more complicated than a Facebook status.
Exploring the Relationship between Diabetes and Kidney Health
The relationship between diabetes and kidney health is crucial to understand in order to effectively manage the impact of diabetes on the kidneys. Exploring the relationship between diabetes and kidney health is essential for individuals with diabetes to understand the potential impact on their kidneys. Diabetes can significantly affect kidney function and can lead to a condition called diabetic kidney disease.
Diabetic kidney disease is a common complication of diabetes, affecting approximately 30-40% of individuals with diabetes. It occurs when high blood sugar levels over time damage the blood vessels and filtering units in the kidneys. The link between diabetes and kidney health is further emphasized by the fact that diabetes is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is a progressive condition that can eventually lead to kidney failure if left untreated.
It is important for individuals with diabetes to be aware of the signs and symptoms of diabetic kidney disease, such as increased urination, swelling in the legs and feet, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating. Regular monitoring of kidney function through blood tests is also essential for early detection.
Managing diabetes effectively through lifestyle changes, including maintaining healthy blood sugar and blood pressure levels, adopting a nutritious diet, and engaging in regular physical activity, can help prevent or slow down the progression of diabetic kidney disease. Medications may also be prescribed to manage diabetes and protect kidney function.
By actively exploring the relationship between diabetes and kidney health and following healthcare recommendations, individuals can minimize the risk of developing diabetic kidney disease and maintain overall kidney health.
Diabetes and kidneys: a cruel combination that leaves your filters clogged and your sugar levels soaring.
How Does Diabetes Affect the Kidneys?
When it comes to diabetes, understanding how it affects the kidneys is crucial. In this section, we’ll dive into the renal connection and explore the impact of high blood sugar levels as well as the relationship between diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Brace yourself for some eye-opening insights into the intricate interplay between diabetes and kidney health!
The Role of High Blood Sugar Levels
High blood sugar levels play a crucial role in the development and progression of diabetic kidney disease. When blood sugar levels are consistently elevated, it can cause damage to the blood vessels and filtering units of the kidneys, referred to as the glomeruli. This damage significantly impairs the kidney’s ability to effectively filter waste from the blood, leading to the accumulation of toxins in the body.
Elevated blood sugar levels also stimulate the production of reactive oxygen species, harmful substances that contribute to inflammation and tissue damage. Moreover, the high glucose levels in the blood result in the formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), further exacerbating kidney damage.
The impact of high blood sugar levels on the kidneys is particularly profound in individuals with uncontrolled diabetes. The longer blood sugar levels remain heightened, the greater the risk of developing diabetic kidney disease. Therefore, it is imperative for individuals with diabetes to diligently monitor their blood sugar levels and strive to keep them within the target range recommended by their healthcare provider.
Managing and preventing further damage to the kidneys relies on controlling blood sugar levels through medication, diet, and lifestyle changes. Effectively managing blood sugar levels can significantly reduce the risk of developing or advancing diabetic kidney disease, thus promoting overall kidney health.
The Impact of Chronic Kidney Disease in Diabetes
Chronic kidney disease is a significant complication of diabetes, with a considerable impact on overall health.
This condition, known as chronic kidney disease in diabetes, refers to the gradual loss of kidney function over time, resulting in the kidneys’ inability to properly filter waste products from the bloodstream. The presence of diabetes significantly increases the risk of developing chronic kidney disease.
High blood sugar levels play a crucial role in the progression of kidney damage in diabetes. Persistent elevated glucose levels can cause damage to the small blood vessels in the kidneys, impairing their ability to filter waste efficiently. This damage can lead to a gradual decline in kidney function.
The impact of chronic kidney disease in diabetes is far-reaching. It can result in the accumulation of waste and fluid in the body, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, swelling, and shortness of breath. Individuals with this condition are at a higher risk of developing complications such as high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease.
Managing chronic kidney disease in diabetes involves a combination of lifestyle changes, medication, and close monitoring. Blood sugar and blood pressure control are essential to slow the progression of kidney damage. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise, is also crucial in managing this condition.
Monitoring kidney function through regular check-ups and diagnostic tests is essential to detect any changes in kidney health and adjust treatment approaches accordingly. Research in this area continues to explore new developments and treatment options to improve the outcomes for individuals with chronic kidney disease in diabetes.
Kidneys and diabetes make a dysfunctional pair that leads to trouble in the urinary lair.
Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Kidney Disease
The signs and symptoms of diabetic kidney disease are vital to recognize and understand, as they can indicate an underlying kidney complication caused by diabetes. In this section, we’ll delve into the common indicators of kidney damage and shed light on how to identify proteinuria and hematuria, key markers of diabetic kidney disease. By recognizing these warning signs early on, we can take proactive steps in managing and treating this condition effectively.
Common Indicators of Kidney Damage
Recognizing the common indicators of kidney damage is crucial for identifying potential issues and enabling early intervention and treatment. Some of these indications include:
- Hematuria, which is the presence of blood in urine. This can be a sign of kidney damage or other urinary tract problems.
- Proteinuria, also known as the presence of protein in urine. Normally, healthy kidneys filter waste and excess fluid, but when they are damaged, protein can leak into the urine.
- Changes in urine output, such as increased or decreased frequency or volume. Kidney damage can affect the kidneys’ ability to regulate urine production.
- Edema or swelling, particularly in the hands, feet, and ankles. Kidney damage can lead to fluid retention in the body.
- High blood pressure. Since the kidneys regulate blood pressure, kidney damage can cause hypertension.
- Fatigue and weakness. Kidney damage can result in anemia and a decrease in red blood cell production, leading to fatigue and weakness.
It should be noted that while these indicators may suggest kidney damage, they can also be associated with other health conditions. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis.
Identifying Proteinuria and Hematuria
Proteinuria and hematuria are crucial indicators of kidney damage in individuals with diabetic kidney disease.
When evaluating kidney health, it is vital to identify proteinuria, which refers to the presence of excessive protein in the urine. This can be detected through a urine test that measures protein levels. A normal urine test should reveal minimal protein, but the presence of proteinuria may suggest kidney damage.
Similarly, hematuria, which is the presence of blood in the urine, is another indication of kidney damage. Hematuria can be recognized by observing a change in urine color, ranging from pink to red. Diagnostic tests such as urine analysis can confirm the existence of blood in the urine.
Identifying proteinuria and hematuria in individuals with diabetic kidney disease is essential for monitoring disease progression and determining the appropriate treatment plan. These indicators enable healthcare professionals to assess the severity of kidney damage and make informed decisions regarding the management of the condition.
Regular monitoring of proteinuria and hematuria levels aids in detecting any changes in kidney function and guides healthcare professionals in adjusting treatment approaches to ensure the best possible outcomes for individuals with diabetic kidney disease.
Diagnosing and Treating Diabetic Kidney Disease
Let’s dive into the world of diagnosing and treating diabetic kidney disease, where we’ll explore the essential diagnostic tests for kidney function and damage, as well as the management approaches for this condition. Get ready to unearth valuable insights that can help protect and preserve kidney health in individuals with diabetes.
Diagnostic Tests for Kidney Function and Damage
The diagnostic tests for kidney function and damage, also known as the Diagnostic Tests for Kidney Function and Damage, play a crucial role in identifying and managing diabetic kidney disease. These tests help in evaluating the overall health of the kidneys and determining the extent of damage caused by diabetes. Here is a table that provides information on some common diagnostic tests used for assessing kidney function and damage:
|Blood tests||Measures the levels of creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in the blood, which are indicators of kidney function. Abnormal levels may suggest kidney damage.|
|Urinalysis||Examines the urine for the presence of protein, blood, and other abnormalities. Proteinuria and hematuria, indicated by high levels of protein and blood in the urine, respectively, can signal kidney damage.|
|GFR estimation||Estimates the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to assess how well the kidneys are filtering waste products from the blood. A lower GFR indicates reduced kidney function.|
|Kidney ultrasound||Uses sound waves to create images of the kidneys. It helps in identifying any structural abnormalities or blockages in the urinary tract.|
|Kidney biopsy||Involves the collection of a small sample of kidney tissue for microscopic examination. It allows for a more detailed assessment of the extent and type of kidney damage.|
These Diagnostic Tests for Kidney Function and Damage, when combined with a comprehensive medical history and physical examination, provide valuable information for diagnosing and monitoring diabetic kidney disease. Regular testing is essential to detect kidney damage at an early stage and initiate appropriate treatment to prevent further deterioration. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional for the proper interpretation and evaluation of these Diagnostic Test for Kidney Function and Damage results.
Don’t worry, we have a special kidney-approved diet: just add a spoonful of humor to your treatment plan!
Management Approaches for Diabetic Kidney Disease
When it comes to managing diabetic kidney disease, there are several management approaches that can be taken to help slow down the progression of the disease and improve overall kidney health.
- Controlling blood sugar levels: Maintaining stable blood sugar levels is crucial in managing diabetic kidney disease. By monitoring and managing blood sugar levels through medication, diet, and exercise, individuals can reduce the risk of further kidney damage.
- Managing blood pressure: High blood pressure is a common complication of diabetic kidney disease, and controlling it is essential. Medications, lifestyle changes, and dietary modifications can help regulate blood pressure levels and protect the kidneys.
- Eating a kidney-friendly diet: A balanced diet with reduced sodium, phosphorus, and protein intake can help alleviate the strain on the kidneys. Including more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can contribute to better kidney health.
- Medication and medical interventions: Depending on the stage of the disease, healthcare providers may prescribe medications to manage symptoms, reduce inflammation, and control blood pressure. In advanced cases, dialysis or kidney transplantation may be necessary.
- Regular monitoring and follow-up: Regular check-ups and monitoring of kidney function are essential in managing diabetic kidney disease. This allows healthcare providers to adjust treatment plans accordingly and identify any potential complications early on.
Pro-tip: In addition to following these management approaches, it is essential for individuals with diabetic kidney disease to prioritize self-care and make healthy lifestyle choices. This includes staying hydrated, getting regular exercise, avoiding smoking, and managing stress levels. By taking a proactive approach to their health, individuals can optimize their management of diabetic kidney disease and promote overall well-being.
Preventing and managing diabetic kidney disease: because when it comes to your kidneys, it’s better to be proactive than peeing out your problems later.
Preventing and Managing Diabetic Kidney Disease
Discover how to prevent and manage diabetic kidney disease as we delve into the section on “Preventing and Managing Diabetic Kidney Disease.” Learn about the importance of controlling blood sugar and blood pressure, and how adopting a healthy lifestyle and diet can make a significant impact. Get ready to uncover the key strategies that can help safeguard your kidneys from the effects of diabetes.
Controlling Blood Sugar and Blood Pressure
Controlling blood sugar and blood pressure is crucial for managing diabetic kidney disease. Here are some strategies to naturally incorporate and help keep these levels in check:
- Monitor blood sugar levels regularly. Check your blood sugar levels as recommended by your healthcare provider. This will help you understand how certain foods, activities, and medications affect your blood sugar levels and effectively control them.
- Follow a healthy eating plan. Adopt a balanced diet consisting of whole grains, lean proteins, fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats to regulate blood sugar and blood pressure. Limit your intake of sugary foods and beverages, processed foods, and foods high in sodium.
- Take prescribed medications as directed. If you have diabetes, your healthcare provider may prescribe medications such as insulin or oral hypoglycemic drugs. It is important to take them as directed to effectively control blood sugar levels and manage your condition.
- Engage in regular physical activity. Exercise can improve insulin sensitivity and regulate blood sugar levels, helping you control both blood sugar and blood pressure. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity activity per week.
- Manage stress levels. Chronic stress can negatively impact blood sugar and blood pressure levels. Practice stress management techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or engaging in activities you enjoy to maintain optimal control.
- Avoid tobacco and limit alcohol consumption. Smoking and excessive alcohol intake can worsen diabetes and increase the risk of kidney damage. Quit smoking and limit alcohol to moderate levels (up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men) to effectively control blood sugar and blood pressure.
- Monitor blood pressure regularly. High blood pressure can further damage the kidneys. Check your blood pressure at home or visit your healthcare provider for regular check-ups to effectively manage blood pressure levels.
- Take prescribed blood pressure medications. If you have high blood pressure, your healthcare provider may prescribe medications to help lower it. Taking them as directed will maintain optimal blood pressure levels and effectively control both blood sugar and blood pressure.
By implementing these strategies, you can naturally and effectively control blood sugar and blood pressure levels to better manage diabetic kidney disease and reduce the risk of further complications.
A 53-year-old man diagnosed with diabetic kidney disease made significant lifestyle changes to naturally control his blood sugar and blood pressure. He adopted a healthy eating plan, eliminating sugary foods and incorporating more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. He also started an exercise routine, consisting of brisk walking for 30 minutes a day. With these changes, he was able to stabilize his blood sugar and blood pressure levels, leading to improved kidney function and overall health. He continues to monitor his levels regularly and consults with his healthcare provider to ensure optimal management of his condition.
Adopting a Healthy Lifestyle and Diet
- Incorporate a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins into your meals to adopt a healthy lifestyle and diet. Avoid processed and sugary foods high in saturated and trans fats.
- To manage and prevent diabetic kidney disease, it is crucial to limit sodium intake. Excess sodium can increase blood pressure and strain the kidneys, so aim to consume less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day.
- To maintain a healthy weight and prevent overeating, pay attention to portion sizes.
- To support kidney function and overall health, stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day.
- Monitor your carbohydrate intake and choose healthy sources like whole grains, legumes, and vegetables in order to manage and prevent diabetic kidney disease.
- To control blood sugar levels, manage weight, and improve overall health, engage in regular physical activity such as walking, jogging, or swimming.
- Manage stress through techniques like deep breathing, meditation, or yoga as stress can impact blood sugar levels and overall well-being.
By adopting a healthy lifestyle and diet, individuals with diabetic kidney disease can protect their kidneys and improve their overall health. Remember to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance and support.
Monitoring and Care for Individuals with Diabetic Kidney Disease
Individuals with diabetic kidney disease can benefit from proper monitoring and care. Here are key steps to consider:
- Regular Medical Check-ups: Schedule regular check-ups with your healthcare provider to monitor kidney function, blood pressure, blood sugar levels, and overall health. These check-ups help detect any changes or complications early on.
- Blood Pressure Management: High blood pressure can worsen diabetic kidney disease. Follow your healthcare provider’s recommendations for blood pressure control through lifestyle modifications, medications, and regular monitoring.
- Blood Sugar Control: Maintaining good blood sugar control is crucial in managing diabetic kidney disease. Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly, follow a healthy diet, take prescribed medications, and engage in regular physical activity.
- Medication Management: Work closely with your healthcare provider to manage any medications prescribed for diabetic kidney disease. This may include medications to control blood pressure, manage blood sugar levels, and protect kidney function.
- Dietary Modifications: Follow a balanced and kidney-friendly diet, which may involve reducing sodium, limiting protein intake, and monitoring fluid intake. Consult with a registered dietitian to develop a personalized meal plan.
- Quit Smoking and Limit Alcohol: Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can worsen kidney damage. Quit smoking and limit alcohol intake to protect kidney health.
- Exercise Regularly: Engage in regular physical activity as recommended by your healthcare provider. Exercise helps control blood sugar levels, maintain a healthy weight, and improve overall well-being.
- Manage Cholesterol Levels: High cholesterol levels can contribute to kidney damage. Follow a heart-healthy diet, exercise regularly, and, if necessary, take prescribed medications to manage cholesterol levels.
- Stay Hydrated: Adequate hydration is important for kidney function. Drink enough water unless advised otherwise by your healthcare provider.
- Stress Management: Chronic stress can impact overall health, including kidney function. Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as engaging in relaxation techniques, practicing mindfulness, or seeking support from a mental health professional.
By following these monitoring and care steps, individuals with diabetic kidney disease can better manage their condition, slow down the progression of kidney damage, and improve their overall quality of life.
New Developments and Research in Diabetic Kidney Disease
Here are some of the new developments and research findings in Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD):
- Biomarkers for Early Detection: Researchers are exploring the use of biomarkers to detect DKD at an early stage. Identifying specific molecules or proteins in the blood or urine can help predict the risk and progression of kidney damage in individuals with diabetes.
- Genetic Studies: Genetic research is shedding light on the genetic factors that contribute to DKD. Understanding the genetic basis of the disease can help identify individuals at higher risk and develop personalized treatment approaches.
- Novel Therapies: Researchers are continuously working on developing new therapies to prevent or slow down the progression of DKD. This includes investigating the efficacy of medications that target specific molecular pathways involved in kidney damage.
- Role of Inflammation: Inflammation plays a crucial role in the development and progression of DKD. Recent research is focusing on understanding the inflammatory processes involved and exploring anti-inflammatory agents as potential therapeutic options.
- Precision Medicine: The concept of precision medicine is being applied to DKD, aiming to tailor treatments based on an individual’s unique characteristics. This approach considers factors such as genetics, biomarker profiles, and other health conditions to optimize treatment outcomes.
- Diagnosis and Monitoring Tools: Advancements in technology are enabling the development of non-invasive diagnostic and monitoring tools for DKD. This includes the use of imaging techniques, wearable devices, and remote monitoring systems to assess kidney function and detect early signs of damage.
- Lifestyle Interventions: Studies are emphasizing the importance of lifestyle interventions in managing DKD. These interventions include dietary modifications, regular physical activity, and weight management to improve overall metabolic control and reduce the risk of kidney complications.
- Collaborative Research Efforts: Collaborative research initiatives are bringing together experts from various disciplines to tackle the challenges of DKD. These efforts aim to accelerate the pace of discovery and develop innovative approaches to prevent, diagnose, and treat DKD.
- Patient Engagement: Recognizing the importance of patient engagement, researchers are involving individuals with DKD in the research process. This includes gathering patient perspectives, incorporating patient-reported outcomes, and involving patients in clinical trial design to ensure research aligns with their needs and priorities.
- Long-term Outcomes: Researchers are focusing on understanding the long-term outcomes of DKD and its impact on patients’ quality of life. This includes evaluating the effectiveness of interventions in slowing disease progression, reducing complications, and improving overall health outcomes.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What are the symptoms of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in people with diabetes?
Chronic kidney disease often develops slowly and with few symptoms, so many people with diabetes don’t realize they have CKD until it’s advanced. Early kidney damage often does not cause symptoms, making regular urine tests to check for protein in the urine (albuminuria) important for detecting kidney damage in people with diabetes.
2. How can diabetes affect the kidneys?
Diabetes can cause damage to the kidneys by affecting the blood vessels, nerves, and urinary tract. High sugar levels in the blood can narrow and clog the blood vessels in the kidneys, leading to damage and the presence of protein in the urine. Diabetes can also damage the nerves that control bladder function, leading to bladder problems that can ultimately damage the kidneys. Urinary tract infections can occur if urine with a high sugar level stays in the bladder for a long time, allowing bacteria to grow.
3. What steps can be taken to keep the kidneys healthy?
Tips for keeping kidneys healthy include checking blood pressure regularly, keeping it below 140/90 mm/Hg, maintaining target cholesterol levels, eating lower sodium foods, eating more fruits and vegetables, staying physically active, and taking medications as directed. It is also important to meet blood sugar targets as often as possible and have an A1c test at least twice a year. Preventing type 2 diabetes through a healthy lifestyle and weight management can also help prevent kidney disease.
4. Can kidney damage in people with diabetes be treated?
Not everyone with kidney disease progresses to kidney failure, and with proper treatment, the progression of kidney disease can be slowed or prevented. Treatment for diabetes-related kidney damage may involve working with a healthcare provider, seeing a kidney specialist (nephrologist), and consulting with a dietitian. Controlling blood sugar levels through diet, exercise, and medication is crucial for preventing or slowing kidney damage.
5. What is diabetic nephropathy and how does it affect both type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
Diabetic nephropathy, also known as diabetic kidney disease, is a serious complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It occurs when the kidneys are damaged and cannot properly filter the blood or perform other functions. Damaged kidneys can lead to a buildup of waste and extra fluid in the body and cause various health problems. Diabetes-related kidney damage affects both types of diabetes and requires early treatment and management.
6. How prevalent is chronic kidney disease in people with diabetes in the United States?
Kidney diseases are the 10th leading cause of death in the United States. Approximately 1 in 3 adults with diabetes has chronic kidney disease. Every day, about 170 people with diabetes start treatment for kidney failure. Recognizing the high rate of kidney disease among individuals with diabetes highlights the importance of regular blood and urine tests and early intervention to protect kidney health.